Both hiking and trekking correspond to walking activity; that is, there is no difference in this aspect. However, the sense in which the words “hiking” and “trekking” are used in the outdoor world is different.
The term trekking applies practically, to all outdoor walks, especially in mountainous terrain, but that’s not quite the case. Trekking requires an accommodation in shelters, tents, sleeping bags, etc. In addition to being tied to the achievement of goals and milestones.
On the other hand, hiking is a short walk, lasting a few hours, which does not require camping, being practiced in natural environments, with self-guided trails.
Difference In Type Of Route
Hiking is more eclectic, consisting of a walk in the open air, without significant challenges, on a trail marked by man, usually in the safety of ecological parks, and can be done by people of all ages.
Trekking, on the other hand, requires effort, leaving the physical comfort zone and greater motivation. It is generally restricted to 6,000 meters of altitude and is carried out on unpaved paths, in extreme environments, and trails with various challenges. It may even require reading maps and compasses and spatial orientation skills.
Hiking And Trekking Environments
In many cases, trekking is carried out in preservation areas, little explored or untouched by man, making this modality much more interesting for adventure enthusiasts. For trekking practitioners, the more barren and hostile the environment, the more interesting the experience.
Hiking, in turn, is recommended for beginners and people who want to exercise and establish contact with nature but in a safe and risk-controlled environment.
Planning For Each Activity
Above all, given the risks involved, proper planning is crucial for the practice of trekking, as it is a long route that requires good physical preparation and different equipment. For this reason, it is essential to research the place you intend to go, studying points such as distance, climate, type of terrain, etc. On the other hand, hiking doesn’t require much planning; you have to wear the appropriate clothing and equipment and go for a walk.
The Difference Between Hiking And Trekking Equipment
For hiking, it is recommended to wear light clothing and quick-drying sneakers or hiking boots — which, in addition to comfort, offer more stability and safety than running or running shoes —, a cap, sunscreen and sunglasses, warm clothing for cold, food, and water. All of this can be accommodated in a small backpack. Click to know about wonderfold wagon
About trekking, in addition to the equipment mentioned above, the following may be needed: cargo bag, sleeping bag, tent, a headlamp with spare batteries, stove, pots and cutlery, first aid kit, and guidance equipment such as a compass and GPS, plus personal care items.